Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination against students or employees based on sex in educational programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance. The regulations prohibit discrimination, exclusion, denial, limitation, or separation based on gender.
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”
Examples of programs and activities subject to Title IX protection include athletics, recruitment, admissions, financial aid, and scholarships. Under Title IX, sex discrimination also includes sexual harassment, violence, and assault.
Under Title IX, higher education institutions must:
- Disseminate a notice of nondiscrimination.
- Designate at least one employee to coordinate its efforts to comply with and carry out its responsibilities under Title IX.
- Adopt and publish grievance procedures providing for the prompt and equitable resolution of student and employee sex discrimination complaints.